How to filter results by hiring path
Some federal jobs are open to the general public — meaning any U.S. citizen can apply. But, some federal jobs are only open to eligible current or former federal civilian employees or people who may be eligible under a unique hiring path. You can filter your job search results to only show you jobs that meet your specific eligibility criteria. You can filter by one or more hiring paths.
If you fall under one of the groups listed below, you may or may not be eligible for each job listed in your search results. You must read the This job is open to section of the job announcement to determine if you’re eligible to apply. You can also read the Who May Apply section, but not all job announcements have that information.
Open to the public
If you select this option, you will only see jobs open to the general public.
Select this option if you’ve never worked for the federal government and you’re a:
- U.S. citizen or
- National or individual who owes allegiance to the U.S.
Who is a National or individual who owes allegiance to the U.S.?
Most federal jobs require you to be a U.S. citizen, but there are some exceptions for nationals and individuals who owe allegiance to the U.S., including those from the American Samoa and Swain Islands. The Who May Apply section of each job announcement lists whether the job is open to U.S. citizens and non-U.S. citizens.
Select this option to see jobs open to current or former federal employees. You may also see jobs open to current agency employees – an agency may post a job that is only open to current agency employees. You must read the Who May Apply section to find out if you’re eligible to apply.
Select this option if you’re:
A current or former federal civilian employee
- Who holds or held a non-temporary appointment.
- In the competitive service in the Executive branch or in a position not in the Executive branch specifically included in the competitive service by statute.
- In an excepted service position covered by an interchange agreement.
- Eligible for reinstatement.
As a current of former federal employee, you can also apply to jobs that are open to the public.
Internal to an agency
Select this option if you’re interested in staying within your agency:
- Jobs open within the competitive service are open to current competitive service employees or those with a disability covered by schedule A.
- Jobs open in the excepted service are open to anyone within the agency. This also includes employees who can be reinstated.
Select this option if you’re:
- Eligible for veterans’ preference or
- Separated from the armed forces under honorable conditions after three years or more, of continuous military service.
Students and recent graduates
If you’re a current student or have recently graduated in the past two years, you may be eligible for federal internships and job opportunities through the Pathways Program. Select this option to see internships and Pathways Program jobs.
Individuals with disabilities
If you’re an individual with a disability you can apply and compete for any job that you’re eligible for and meet the qualifications. However, some jobs offer the Schedule A hiring path. Schedule A gives federal agencies an optional, potentially faster, way to hire individuals with disabilities. Select this option to see jobs that offer the Schedule A hiring path.
Family of overseas employees
If you’re currently overseas with a family member, and moving back to the United States, you may be eligible for a competitive service job without having to compete with the public. If you’re moving overseas, because a family member has been assigned to an overseas duty of station, you may be eligible to apply for overseas jobs with the Federal Government.
Select this option if you want to see jobs open to current or former time-limited federal employees under the Land Management Workforce Flexibility Act.
If you’re a military spouse, you may be eligible to apply to competitive service positions. You must meet specific requirements to be eligible for this hiring path. Select this option if you want to see jobs open to military spouses.
Select this option if you want to see jobs open to current National Guard members or transitioning military service members.
Select this option if you want to see jobs open to people with a tribal affiliation.
Peace Corps and Vista
If you’ve served at least two years with Peace Corps or one year with AmeriCorps VISTA you may qualify for non-competitive eligibility. Learn more about the Peace Corps and AmeriCorps VISTA hiring path.
There are a couple of different options, if you’re looking for a senior executive level job in the Federal Government.
- The Senior Executive Service (SES)
- Senior executive level jobs outside of the SES
Jobs in the SES are executive level positions classified above General Schedule (GS) grade 15 or equivalent positions in most Executive Branch agencies of the Federal Government. To qualify for these jobs you must meet the five Executive Core Qualifications.
Not all senior executive level jobs are in the SES. Agencies in the competitive or excepted service may have executive level jobs, where you may not have to meet the same qualification requirements as in the SES. Learn more about Senior Executive jobs.
Learn more about which jobs you are eligible to apply for.