Eligibility

As a federal employee it's important to understand:

  • Which service you belong to
  • The appointment type you are serving on

Understanding this will allow you to apply to jobs for which you are eligible. This will help you avoid spending time on jobs for which you are not eligible.

Services

Services are how the Federal Government describes categories of jobs that provide different options and benefits to the future employee.

Competitive Service

Appointment types

Permanent
  • Permanent
  • Career
  • Career-conditional
Eligibile to apply for merit promotion jobs?

YES

Excepted Service

Appointment types

Temporary
  • Term
  • Detail
  • Intermittent
  • Seasonal
  • Indefinite
Student
  • Internships
  • Recent Graduates
  • Presidential Management Fellows (PMFs)
Eligibile to apply for merit promotion jobs?

NO, but you can apply to jobs that are open to the public.

Senior Executive Service

Appointment types

Permanent
  • Permanent
  • Career
  • Career-conditional
Temporary
  • Term
  • Detail
  • Intermittent
  • Seasonal
  • Indefinite
Eligibile to apply for merit promotion jobs?

NO, but you can apply to jobs that are open to the public.

Not sure what service you fall under?

You can find this on your SF-50 in box 34 - Position Occupied.

View your SF-50 from your electronic Official Personnel Folder (eOPF) or your agency human resource system.

Merit Promotion

What is merit promotion?

Merit Promotion lets a current or former federal employee apply for a job without having to compete with general public or people with Veterans' Preference. Instead, you compete with other competitive service employees.

Programs

Current Federal employees may be eligible for:

  • Transfer

    If you're in the competitive service, then you can move to another position in the competitive service. Learn more.

  • Interchange Agreement

    If you're in the excpted service and your agency has an Interchange Agreement, you may be eligible to move to another job in the competitive service. Learn more.

Former Federal employees may be eligible for:

  • CTAP/ICTAP

    If your position, agency, or department was eliminated, you can receive selection priority over other applicants. Learn more.

  • Reinstatement

    If you were in the competitive service, you may be eligible to return to the Federal Government under the reinstatement program. Learn more.

Additional resources