Ctizenship. Citizen of the United
States. (Noncitizens may be appointed
when it is not possible to recruit qualified citizens in accordance with
chapter 3, section A, paragraph 3g, this part.)
Language Proficiency. Pharmacists must be proficient in spoken and
written English as required by 38 U.S.C. 7402(d), and 7407(d).
Graduate of an Accreditation Council for
Pharmacy Education (ACPE) accredited College or School of Pharmacy with a
baccalaureate degree in pharmacy (BS Pharmacy) and/or a Doctor of Pharmacy
(Pharm.D.) degree. Verification of
approved degree programs may be obtained from the Accreditation Council for
Pharmacy Education, 20 North Clark Street, Suite 2500, Chicago, Illinois 60602-5109;
phone: (312) 664-3575, or through their Web site at: http://www.acpe-accredit.org/. (NOTE:
Prior to 2005 ACPE accredited both baccalaureate and
Doctor of Pharmacy terminal degree program.
Today the sole degree is Doctor of Pharmacy.)
Graduates of foreign pharmacy degree programs meet
the educational requirement if the graduate is able to provide proof of
achieving the Foreign
Pharmacy Graduate Examination Commission (FPGEC) Certification, which includes
passing the Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency Examination (FPGEE) and the
Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-Based Test (TOEFL iBT).
Full, current and unrestricted
license to practice pharmacy in a State, Territory, Commonwealth of the United
States (i.e., Puerto Rico), or the District of Columbia. The pharmacist must maintain current registration
if this is a requirement for maintaining full, current, and unrestricted
licensure. A pharmacist who has, or has
ever had, any license(s) revoked, suspended, denied, restricted, limited, or
issued/placed in a probationary status may be appointed only in accordance with
the provisions in VA Handbook 5005, Part II, Chapter 3, section B, paragraph 16.
who have or have had multiple licenses and had any such license revoked for
professional misconduct, professional incompetence or substandard care, or who
surrendered such license after receiving written notice of potential
termination of such license by the State for professional misconduct,
professional incompetence, or substandard care, are not eligible for
appointment to the position unless such revoked or surrendered license is fully
restored (38 U.S.C. § 7402(f)).
Effective November 30, 1999, this is a requirement for employment. This requirement does not apply to licensed
pharmacists on VA rolls as of that date, provided they maintain continuous
appointment and are not disqualified for employment by any subsequent
revocations or voluntary surrenders of State license, registration or
Exception. Non-licensed pharmacists who otherwise meet
the eligibility requirements may be given a temporary appointment at the entry
level as a Graduate Pharmacist under the authority of 38 U.S.C. §
7405(c)(2)(B). The appointing official
may waive the requirement of licensure for a period not to exceed 2 years for a
pharmacist that provides care under the supervision of a licensed
pharmacist. For grade levels above the
GS-11, the candidate must be licensed.
Failure to Obtain License. In all cases, pharmacists must actively
pursue meeting state
prerequisites for licensure starting from
the date of their
appointment. At the time of appointment, the supervisor will provide the unlicensed
pharmacist with the written requirement to obtain licensure, the date by
which the license must be acquired, and the consequences for not
becoming licensed by the deadline.
Failure to become licensed
within 2 years from date of appointment will result in removal from the GS-0660 Pharmacist series and may result in
termination of employment.
Grandfathering Provision. All licensed pharmacists employed in VHA in
this occupation on the effective date of this qualification standard are
considered to have met all qualification requirements for the title, series and
grade held, including positive education and licensure/certification/registration
that are part of the basic requirements of the occupation. For employees who do not meet all the basic
requirements required in this standard, but who met the qualifications
applicable to the position at the time they were appointed to it, the following
Employees grandfathered into the GS-660 occupational series may be
reassigned, promoted up to and including the full performance (journey) level,
or changed to lower grade within the occupation, but may not be promoted
beyond the journey level or placed in supervisory or managerial positions.
Employees who are appointed on a temporary basis prior to the effective
date of the qualification standard may not have their temporary appointment
extended or be reappointed, on a temporary or permanent basis, until they fully
meet the basic requirements of the standard.
Employees initially grandfathered into this occupation, who subsequently
obtain additional education and/or licensure/certification/registration, that
meet all the basic requirements of this qualification standard must maintain
the required credentials as a condition of employment in the occupation.
If a licensed pharmacist who was retained under this provision leaves
the occupation, the employee loses protected status and must meet the full VA
qualification standard requirements in effect at the time of reentry to the
of Professional Pharmacy Practices.
To be creditable, the experience
must have demonstrated the use of knowledge, skills, and abilities associated
with professional pharmacy practice. Professional
practice means paid/non-paid employment as a professional or unlicensed graduate
pharmacist as defined by the appropriate licensing board.
Residency and Fellowship Training. Residency and fellowship training
programs in a specialized area of clinical pharmacy practice may be substituted
for creditable experience on a year-for-year basis. The pharmacy residency program must be
accredited by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). A fellowship program that is not accredited
by the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) will need to have
comparable standards for experience to be creditable (Professional Standards
Board refers to the Deputy Chief Consultant for Professional Practice for the
of Experience. Qualifying
experience must be at a level comparable to pharmacy experience at the next
lower level. Experience as a Graduate
Pharmacist is creditable provided the candidate was used as a professional
pharmacist (under supervision) and subsequently passed the appropriate
Part-time Experience. Part-time experience as a professional
pharmacist is credited according to its relationship to the full-time
workweek. For example, a pharmacist
employed 20 hours a week, or on a 1/2-time basis, would receive 1 full-time
workweek of credit for each 2 weeks of service.
Grade Determinations. In addition to the basic requirements for
employment the following criteria must be met when determining
the grade of candidates.
Clinical Pharmacist (Full Performance Level)
Education. In addition to the basic requirements,
candidates must meet one of the following:
1 year of experience equivalent to the next lower grade level, or
Completion of an ACPE-accredited Pharm.D. program.
Assignment. A pharmacist in this assignment handles
routine medication-related activities in accordance with local, Veterans
Integrated Service Network (VISN), and national policies and regulations. These include, but are not limited to: reviewing, interpreting, and verifying medication
orders for appropriateness; processing and filling medication orders;
interacting with and making recommendations to other clinical staff regarding
medication therapy ordered to ensure safe and effective care; reviewing the
patient's medications, allergies, labs, and other pertinent information from
the medical record to identify and solve medication-related problems;
contacting providers as appropriate; documenting recommendations and
interventions; providing refill extensions and partial medication supplies;
taking health and medication histories; performing medication reconciliation;
providing drug information; assisting in formulary management including
therapeutic substitutions, nonformulary reviews and medication usage
evaluations; documenting and assessing adverse drug events (ADEs); assisting in
medical emergencies; providing oversight of technical staff in all aspects of
medication distribution. Pharmacists
assigned to this position must demonstrate the following knowledge, skills and
1. Knowledge of professional pharmacy practice.
2. Ability to communicate orally and in writing
to both patients and health care staff.
3. Knowledge of laws, regulations, and
accreditation standards related to the distribution and control of scheduled
and non-scheduled drugs and pharmacy security.
monitoring and assessing the outcome of drug therapies, including physical
assessment and interpretation of laboratory and other diagnostic parameters.
In addition to the GS-12 requirements,
must have 1 year of experience equivalent to the next lower grade level.
Assignments. Candidates at this grade level are to be in the
assignments listed below. For all
assignments above the full performance level, the higher level duties must
consist of significant scope, administrative independence, complexity
(difficulty) and range of variety as described in this standard at the
specified grade level and be performed by the incumbent at least 25% of the
time. Facility Program Manager. Manages all aspects of a distinct
program to include policy development, quality resources and specialty
functions unique to the program to optimize cost effectiveness (budget) and
patient outcomes. Coordinates a single
program area of a complex pharmacy operation, or multiple program areas within
a facility to develop, organize, manage, and control complex pharmacy
programs. Develops, organizes,
coordinates and manages single or multiple program areas within the medical
facility; this may include a single program area at multiple facilities. The
Program Manager title is reserved for those individuals who have one or more
of the following: supervisory responsibilities for various sections within
Pharmacy Service; a complex program requiring coordination of multiple
locations such as medical center care facilities, Community Based Outpatient
Clinics (CBOCs), rural health, telemedicine, etc; specialized areas of a
complex nature such as nuclear pharmacy, quality assurance, pharmacy
informatics, clinical applications coordinator, Home Based Primary Care,
pharmacoeconomist or liaison pharmacist duties requiring the coordination of
processes with other medical facilities or VISNs.
IN DESCRIBING YOUR EXPERIENCE, PLEASE BE CLEAR AND SPECIFIC. WE MAY NOT MAKE ASSUMPTIONS REGARDING YOUR EXPERIENCE.
References : VA Handbook 5005, Part II, Appendix G15, Pharmacist, available in the local Human Resources Office.